assume


assume
assume 1 Assume, affect, pretend, simulate, feign, counterfeit, sham mean to put on a false or deceptive appearance.
Assume often implies a pardonable motive rather than an intent to deceive
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it sometimes happens that by assuming an air of cheerfulness we become cheerful in reality— Cowper

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To affect is to make a show of possessing or using something, usually for effect, but sometimes because of one’s liking for it
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affect plainness of speech

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affect a gesture, an opinion, a phrase, because it is the rage with a large number of persons— Hazlitt

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Jones had really that taste for humor which others affectFielding

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Pretend implies overt profession of what is false
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that pretended liking called politeness—L. P. Smith

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pretend to be insane

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even their clowns had to be learned or to pretend learning— Highet

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To simulate is to assume the characteristics of something else by imitating its appearance or outward signs
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trees hewn to simulate formidable artillery pieces were dragged into position all along the ramparts— Amer. Guide Series: La.

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Feign implies more invention than pretend, less specific imitation of life than simulate
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I grow angry and I curse them, and they feign penitence, but behind my back I know they call me a toothless old ape— Kipling

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But feign and simulate are often interchangeable.
Counterfeit implies the highest degree of verisimilitude of any of the words in this group
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are you not mad indeed? or do you but counterfeit?— Shak.

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many noblemen gave the actor-manager access to their collections of armor and weapons in order that his accouterment should exactly counterfeit that of a Norman baron— Shaw

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Sham implies feigning with an intent to deceive; it usually connotes deception so obvious that it fools only the gullible
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sham sickness

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sham sleeping

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when the curtain falls there are more actors shamming dead upon the stage than actors upright— H. A. L. Craig

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Analogous words: dissemble, *disguise, cloak, mask, camouflage
2 *presuppose, postulate, presume, premise, posit
Analogous words: *conjecture, surmise: *grant, concede, allow: *assert, affirm, aver, predicate, profess

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • assume — as·sume vt as·sumed, as·sum·ing 1: to voluntarily take upon oneself assume a risk 2: to take over (the debts or obligations of another) as one s own assume a mortgage Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster …   Law dictionary

  • assume — UK US /əˈsjuːm/ verb [T] ► to begin to take control of something: assume control/office/a role »Europe has assumed a leadership role in the prevention of future global crises. assume responsibility for sth »The FSA said mortgages would not be… …   Financial and business terms

  • assume — assume, presume 1. Both words can mean ‘suppose’ and are often interchangeable in this meaning. Fowler (1926) maintained that there is a stronger element of postulation or hypothesis in assume and of a belief held on the basis of external… …   Modern English usage

  • assume — [ə so͞om′, əsyo͞om′] vt. assumed, assuming [ME assumen < L assumere, to take up, claim < ad , to + sumere, to take: see CONSUME] 1. to take on or put on (the appearance, form, role, etc. of) 2. to seize; usurp [to assume control] 3. to take …   English World dictionary

  • assume — [v1] believe, take for granted accept, ascertain, be afraid, be inclined to think, conclude, conjecture, consider, count upon, deduce, deem, divine, estimate, expect, fall for, fancy, find, gather, get the idea*, guess, have a hunch*, have… …   New thesaurus

  • Assume — As*sume , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Assumed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Assuming}.] [L. assumere; ad + sumere to take; sub + emere to take, buy: cf. F. assumer. See {Redeem}.] 1. To take to or upon one s self; to take formally and demonstratively; sometimes,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • assume — (v.) early 15c., assumpten to receive up into heaven (especially of the Virgin Mary), also assumen to arrogate, from L. assumere to take up, take to oneself, from ad to, up (see AD (Cf. ad )) + sumere to take, from sub under + emere …   Etymology dictionary

  • Assume — As*sume , v. i. 1. To be arrogant or pretentious; to claim more than is due. Bp. Burnet. [1913 Webster] 2. (Law) To undertake, as by a promise. Burrill. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • assume — an agreement to continue performing duties under a contract or lease (Glossary of Common Bankruptcy Terms) An agreement between the debtor and the other party to an executory contract to continue performing duties under that contract. A lease is… …   Glossary of Bankruptcy

  • assumé — assumé, ée (a su mé, mée) part. passé. La responsabilité assumée par cet employé …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré


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